Illinois Learning Standards
Stage J - English Language Arts
Students who meet the standard can apply word analysis
and vocabulary skills to comprehend selections.
- Analyze and interpret specialized vocabulary/ terminology.
- Apply knowledge of word origins and derivations in a variety
of practical settings.
- Determine the relationship(s) between pairs of words in
- Extend ideas and enrich vocabulary through independent
exploration of words.
- Select/use strategies to analyze the meaning of abstract
concepts to facilitate comprehension.
Students who meet the standard can apply reading
strategies to improve understanding and fluency.
- Relate reading to self, world, and other texts and experiences
and make connections to related information.
- Use both implicit and explicit information to form an
interpretation of text.
- Define the characteristics and structures of a variety
of complex literary genres and analyze how genre affects
the meaning and function of the texts.
- Compare the author's strategies and organizational patterns
in a variety of compositions.
- Analyze and compare a variety of texts for purpose, structure,
content, detail, and effect.
- Demonstrate fluency with age-appropriate materials.
- Select and read books for recreation.
Students who meet the standard can comprehend a broad
range of reading materials.
- Use preview questions and predictions to guide reading
across complex materials and confirm or deny predictions.
- Use topic, theme, organizational pattern, context, and
point of view to guide interpretation.
- Analyze and defend an interpretation of text by integrating
interpretation with text-based support.
- Evaluate how authors and illustrators use text and art
to express their ideas.
- Critically evaluate information from multiple sources.
- Summarize and make generalizations from content and relate
them to the purpose of the material.
- Analyze the techniques and effects of writing strategies.
- Synthesize key points and supporting detail to form conclusions.
- Analyze tables, graphs, diagrams, and/or maps for accuracy
and relevancy for text support.
- Construct tables, graphs, and/or maps that are accurate
and support written text.
- Recognize types of writing (e.g., expository, persuasive,
Students who meet the standard can understand how
literary elements and techniques are used to convey meaning.
- Evaluate how the author uses literary elements and techniques
to achieve the intended effect.
- Support assertions with evidence from the text.
- Critique the author's style or form.
- Evaluate an understanding of the interrelationships among
reader, author, form, and text.
- Evaluate how a text reflects a culture, society, or historical
Students who meet the standard can read and interpret
a variety of literary works.
- Analyze and compare ideas and impressions communicated
through a variety of literary works.
- Evaluate an interpretation by linking the interpretation
to specific aspects of the text.
- Demonstrate how a text reflects its time, place, and circumstances.
- Construct connections to relevant aspects of contemporary
and historical human experience.
- Evaluate the treatment of issues in works from varying
historical periods and cultural perspectives.
- Engage in literary discussions (e.g., conflict, resolutions,
relevance, background, effectiveness, realism).
Students who meet the standard can use correct grammar,
spelling, punctuation, capitalization and structure.
- Edit/revise draft documents to more effectively communicate
the intended message.
- Produce grammatically correct document using standard
manuscript specification for a variety of purposes and audiences.
- Use appropriate style manuals and guides (e.g., MLA, APA).
- Format documents in final form for submission and/or publication.
- Proofread for correct English conventions.
Students who meet the standard can compose well-organized
and coherent writing for specific purposes and audiences.
- Organize around a structure appropriate to purpose, audience,
- Compose a clear thesis/claim that contains the main idea
in an essay.
- Communicate the intended message.
- Elaborate ideas.
- Employ appropriate editing and revision strategies.
- Evaluate and demonstrate the use of figurative language.
- Critique word and/or technique choices.
- Publish writing using an appropriate format.
Students who meet the standard can communicate ideas
in writing to accomplish a variety of purposes.
- Write on one topic for different audiences by adjusting
tone, voice, vocabulary, and grammar conventions.
- Compose an argumentative paper that objectively evaluates
2 or more positions on an issue and selects the best position,
based on the evidence presented.
- Accomplish the assumed purpose (e.g., job application,
- Apply appropriate format and structure that effectively
address a variety of real-life situations.
- Adjust voice, tone, vocabulary, and grammatical conventions
according to purpose and audience.
- Evaluate a variety of compositions for purpose, structure,
content, and details.
Students who meet the standard can listen effectively
in formal and informal situations.
- Demonstrate understanding of materials, concepts, and
- Analyze, synthesize, and evaluate information.
- Analyze possible alternative viewpoints related to the
content of verbal presentations (e.g., debates).
- Develop and ask questions related to the content and purpose
of oral/media presentations.
- Paraphrase and/or summarize information with appropriate
- Critique the relationship between a speaker's verbal communication
skills (e.g., work choice, pitch, feelings, tone, voice)
and nonverbal messages (e.g., eye contact, gestures, facial
expressions, posture, spatial proximity).
Students who meet the standard can speak effectively
using language appropriate to the situation and audience.
- Communicate effectively the intended message.
- Use effective non-verbal feedback (response) strategies.
- Use a variety of verbal and non-verbal cues.
- Speak clearly and confidently (e.g., use good volume,
eye contact, body language).
- Use appropriate grammar, word choice, and pacing.
- Demonstrate effective use of visual aids and available
- Analyze possible discussion roles; select, evaluate, and
reselect as appropriate.
- Analyze information to make appropriate predictions and
Students who meet the standard can locate, organize,
and use information from various sources to answer questions,
solve problems, and communicate ideas.
- Survey a subject and select a topic.
- Distinguish among kinds of data needed to solve a problem,
present possible solutions, or extend information about
a topic or problem (e.g., fact/opinion, example/evidence).
- Evaluate a number of informational sources for relevancy
- Develop, collect, and analyze various kinds of information
related to a topic.
- Organize information for a presentation.
- Follow appropriate style manual accurately (e.g., APA,
Students who meet the standard can analyze and evaluate
information acquired from various sources.
- Identify information most pertinent to task.
- Develop simple conclusions based on inductive and/or deductive
- Defend relevant information by linking it to the problem
and/or area requiring clarification.
- Cite all source(s) of quoted and borrowed information.
- Develop a bibliography and a works/sources cited page
using an appropriate format.
Students who meet the standard can apply acquired
information, concepts and ideas to communicate in a variety
- Use multiple, reliable sources to develop and support
major ideas in an oral or multimedia presentation.
- Choose, evaluate, and use multiple primary and secondary
- Organize, edit, and revise information for presentation
to an audience.
- Critique an individual or group project (e.g., written,
oral, video, multimedia).
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Assessments and Performance Descriptors